Emergency management society reduces the exposure to vulnerable and copes with disaster management. Chronological information can be a real tool for preparing in response to the future emergencies
Disaster management is a process in which people get together to design plans for assisting vulnerable areas and manage disasters. Disaster management is not for the prevention of threats but instead, the focus is to reduce the impact of the disaster. If proper management is not done then it may lead to a destruction of assets, mortality and economic crisis. The threats covered in disaster management are a terrorist attack, natural disasters (such as cyclones, earthquake etc.) and industrial disruption.
Disaster Management Emergency Planning Model
Emergency planning should help in preventing destruction caused by any disaster. If they fail to do so then immediate actions must be taken to aid the affected regions. A plan can be developed by studying a pattern of the past disasters occurred in a region. The formulation of plans is a cyclic process. There are many guides available for emergency planning written by professionals. Emergency planners help in identification of risks and help in reducing the chances of occurrence of disasters.
Model for implementation of emergency planning
The emergency plan must be updated regularly so that in the case of disaster it can be immediately put into effect. Given below are the steps generally followed by the emergency planners –
- Before incidence training and practice – emergency planning begins with employing trained personnel’s who will be responsible for making decisions during the disaster. Next step is to test the plans formulated. It should be done regularly.
- Exchange of an event assessment- in case of emergencies communication becomes an important issue. Miscommunication can result in an escalation of the disaster. An assessment should be done immediately after identifying the disaster to evaluate the effect of the disaster and its implications. After that, a proper plan should be activated.
Professional Emergency Managers
There are many organizations (e.g. NRS Relief) that take up the cause for serving humanity. They provide core relief items, support, and structure to the affected areas. Core relief items include shelter (waterproof tents), blankets, clothes, kitchen utilities, stove, water container, sleeping mats etc.
Core Relief Items
Relief is the term used to describe the act of providing essential, suitable and timely aid to those affected by an emergency. It involves delivery of a particular quantity and quality of items to a group of people. The disaster management organizations provide relief to the affected areas. They bring together resources to ensure that relief is provided as fast as possible. Core Relief Items can be divided into different categories:
1. Food: Food supplies are the most important part of relief items. However, it is necessary to ensure that food products are culturally and nutritionally suitable for the distressed areas and that the prices of the articles, their transportation, storage, and distribution are kept to a minimum
2. Shelter: Shelter is crucial for a survival of the refugees in the initial stages of an emergency. It is also necessary for providing a sense of security and personal safety to the vulnerable, and prevention from the elements. Shelter cooperation is provided to every single household so that meanwhile they can repair or construct of their destroyed household.
3. Non-food items: people who have lost everything in a calamity, also require basic goods and supplies to retain their health, solitude, and dignity, to meet their personal hygiene needs, to prepare and eat food and to achieve necessary levels of thermal relieve. These might include clothes, coverlets, bedding, stoves and kitchen sets, water containers and hygiene products.
4. Cash and voucher programs- Big scale emergency response mostly depends on a heavy channel of emergency aid from external areas that are affected, necessitating major logistics, transportation, and human resources.